How to Paint Landscapes: Dominance in Painting

2018-06-24T08:07:04+00:00 By |0 Comments

In this community article on how to paint landscapes, Michael Chesley Johnson gives you three questions to consider before you dip your brush in the paint. Read his guest blog post here to discover ways you can analyze a scene to make it work well on canvas.

How to paint landscapes - Michael Chesley Johnson - ArtistsOnArt.com

Michael Chesley Johnson, “Low Tide, Jackson’s Wharf,” oil, 16 x 20 in.

Dominance in Painting

by Michael Chesley Johnson (michaelchesleyjohnson.com)

Climb to a hilltop on a summer’s morning, overlooking a forested valley. It’s a breathtaking view, and you can see for miles. You’d love to paint it. But stop for a moment to consider what visual ingredients go into making this scene. The sun begins to rise before you, casting a golden light over the valley, and the very air seems incandescent. Summer has nearly reached its end, and the vibrant greens of spring are now tempered with muted reds and yellows, giving a hint of fall.
You set up your easel and prepare your palette. Now, after you’ve used your viewfinder to crop your scene but before dipping your brush into the paint, ask yourself three questions:

Is the scene mostly light or dark?
Is it mostly warm or cool?
Is it mostly filled with rich color or dull?

I usually think in terms of square inches. For example, do the warm colors occupy more real estate in the scene than the cool ones?

How to paint landscapes - Michael Chesley Johnson - ArtistsOnArt.com

Michael Chesley Johnson, “Toward Otter Point,” oil on canvas, 16 x 20 in.

You determine that yours is a low-key scene, filled with cool, mostly dull color. Yes, there are little spots of warm light and a hint of richer reds and yellows, but these only serve to increase the sense of luminosity.

This analysis to determine what is dominant in a scene will help you to “capture the moment” successfully. Although there are many different contrast pairs, I’ve found that these three — value (light/dark), temperature (warm/cool), and chroma (rich/dull) — are the most important ones for landscape painting.

How to paint landscapes - Michael Chesley Johnson - ArtistsOnArt.com

Michael Chesley Johnson, “Waterfall,” oil on canvas, 36 x 36 in.

 

How to paint landscapes - Michael Chesley Johnson - ArtistsOnArt.com

Michael Chesley Johnson, “Tree, Rock, Water,” oil, 12 x 16 in.


This week’s Artists on Art post on how to paint landscapes is sponsored by the Streamline Premium Art Video “Painting Light and Atmosphere” with Joseph McGurl:

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